He Kare-ā-roto

Ngā mihi matakuikui ki a koe i raro i te kaupapa o ‘Ngā Kare-a-roto: The Ripples Within - Māori Understandings and Expressions of Emotions’.

'Ngā Kare-ā-roto' is a Kaupapa Māori investigation of Māori views, understanding and expressions of emotions. Research highlights that emotions are relational, contextual, and culturally constructed. Emotions play a significant role in regard to Indigenous wellbeing. The suppression of emotions, including through experiences of racism and colonisation, has detrimental impacts on our lives. This research asks: How, within mātauranga Māori, do Māori understand and express emotions and how can those understandings support Māori wellbeing? Kaupapa Māori informs the research, and we explore this question through a range of methods including hui (gatherings); kōrero (interviews); pūrākau (traditional narratives), whakatauakī (proverbs) and māramataka (calendar).

Download He Kare-ā-roto publication here

Project Title: ‘Ngā Kare-a-roto: The Ripples Within - Māori Understandings and Expressions of Emotions’


Principal Investigator: 

Professor Leonie Pihama Te Ātiawa, Ngā Māhanga ā Tairi, Waikato

Leonie is Professor of Māori and Indigenous Research at Ngā Wai a Te Tūī, Māori and Indigenous Research Centre, Te Whare Wānanga o Wairaka, Unitec, and Director of Māori and Indigenous Analysis Limited, and is a leading kaupapa Māori educator and researcher. She received the Hohua Tūtengaehe Post-Doctoral Research Fellowship (HRC) and the inaugural Ngā Pae o te Māramatanga Senior Māori Fulbright Scholarship at the University of Washington. In 2015, she was awarded Te Tohu Pae Tawhiti Award (NZARE) for excellence in Māori educational research and as Director of Te Kotahi Research Institute accepted Te Tohu Rapuora Award (HRC) for significant contribution to Māori health excellence and leadership. Leonie has published widely and served on the Māori Health Committee for the HRC and a number of boards.

Tu Tama Wahine o Taranaki & Māori and Indigenous Analysis Limited

Research Team: 

Professor Jenny Lee-Morgan Waikato, Te Ahiwaru, Ngāti Mahuta

Dr Jenny Lee-Morgan is a Director of Pārangakura, an independent Kaupapa Māori research and development centre. Jenny has a distinguished track record of teaching and kaupapa Māori research. She is the science lead on several large community-led projects including two Endeavour MBIE-funded projects ‘Generation Kainga: Rangatahi building resilient and regenerative Aotearoa’, ‘Marae Ora Kainga Ora, and ‘Urban Intergenerational Kāinga Innovations’ funded by BBHTC, National Science Challenge. In 2016 Jenny was awarded Te Tohu Pae Tawhiti Award by the New Zealand Association for Research in Education for recognition of her high-quality research and significant contribution to the Māori education sector.

Jenny’s co-edited book (Hutchings & Lee-Morgan, 2016) presents a broad, decolonised agenda for Māori development and won Te Kōrero Pono (non-fiction category) in the Ngā Kuku Ora Aotearoa Māori Book Awards 2017. Building on her interest in pūrākau as methodology, she published a co-edited book with Prof Joan Archibald and Dr Jason DeSantolo entitled ‘Decolonizing Research: Indigenous Storywork as Methodology’ (2019), published by Zed Books. Her most recent publication is a co-edited book with Dr Leonie Pihama “Tiakina te Pā Harakeke: Ancestral knowledge and tamariki well-being’ (2022).

Ngā Wai a Te Tūī, Te Whare Wānanga o Wairaka, UNITEC

Professor Rangi Matāmua Tūhoe

Professor Rangi Matamua is a pioneering Māori scholar who has revolutionised understanding of Māori astronomy, and in particular Matariki. His research has been ground-breaking in terms of its contribution to mātauranga Māori; he has enlightened both national and international populations on the mātauranga of astronomy.

He is renowned for his role in communicating his research in an accessible and engaging way and reaching both academic and non-academic audiences. Rangi is both the author of the bestselling book Matariki: The Star of the Year (published both in English and te reo editions), presenter of the award winning te reo Māori web series Living by the Stars and has an extensive social media following on Living by the Stars page.

He has challenged widespread misconceptions about Māori astronomy and has enhanced our understanding of a Māori world view of the stars. His research is situated at the interface between mātauranga Māori and Western science, and he is helping to reconnect people with maramataka – the Māori lunar calendar – and the environment.

Rangi is also part of a wider movement, reclaiming Indigenous astronomy as part of a continued process of decolonisation. He has won the 2019 Prime Minister’s Science Communication Prize, the first Māori scientist to be awarded the prize, in 2020 he was awarded the Callaghan Medal for science communication from Royal Society Te Apārangi, and in 2021 was elected as a ‘Fellow’ to the Academy of the Royal Society Te Apārangi. In the 2023 New Year Honours, Mātāmua was appointed an Officer of New Zealand Order of Merit, for services to Māori astronomy. More recently Mātāmua was named New Zealander of the Year in the 2023 Kiwibank New Zealander of the Year awards.

Massey University


Ngaropi Cameron Ngāti Mutunga, Ngāti Kahungunu ki Wairoa, Te Ātiawa Nui Tonu

Ngaropi is a mother of five and kuia to nine mokopuna. She is the foundation member, Director and Senior Family Violence Programme Facilitator and Educator for Tū Tama Wahine o Taranaki Inc. (TTW), a tangata whenua (indigenous) development and liberation service. TTW works to ensure that Taranaki whānau have a secured sense of identity and connection to each other, and where all are able to contribute in the maintenance of a peaceful, prosperous community - www.tutamawahine.org.nz. TTW is a Whānau Ora provider of social justice services within the Taranaki region of Aotearoa (New Zealand). Ngaropi is a member of the national Māori advisory group Interim Te Rōpū for the Government’s Joint Venture Business Unit, which is tasked with helping to transform the whole-of-government response to family and sexual violence. She has been involved in numerous local and national community development projects implementing a variety of kaupapa Māori services, training and resources. She is a former member of the Ministry of Justice Domestic Violence Programme Approvals Panel, two terms; a former member of the Māori Reference Group to the National Taskforce on Family Violence; and former member of the central region Family Violence Death Review Panel. Ngaropi is a former general and obstetric nurse, whānau/hapū/iwi (family and tribal) practitioner and current member of the New Zealand Association of Counselors (NZAC). She has worked in health and social justice in a variety of environments for 40+ years and is a recipient of The Nursing Network on Violence Against Women International Award 2011.

Professor Linda Tuhiwai Smith Ngati Awa, Ngāti Porou

Professor Linda Tuhiwai Smith is one of the most influential and internationally recognised Māori scholars and researchers of the 21st Century. Her book “Decolonizing Methodologies: Research and Indigenous Peoples” has been translated into five languages (Spanish, Chinese, Arabic, Italian, and Bhasa Indonesian). She has written numerous books, articles, lectures, and research which are cited by academics worldwide, and is one of the most renowned indigenous thinkers of our time.

In the 1970’s, Professor Smith was a founding member of Ngā Tamatoa which opposed racial discrimination and Treaty of Waitangi breaches that led to the implementation of transformational Māori educational interventions such as Te Kohanga Reo, Kura Kaupapa Māori, Whare Kura and Whare Wānanga in Aotearoa. As a Professor of Education and Māori Development, she has held notable roles that continue to advance Māori and Indigenous Development as a Waitangi Tribunal Committee member; Chair of the International Research Advisory Board (IRAB) for Ngā Pae o Te Māramatanga (NPM) and one of the founding Joint Directors of New Zealand’s first Māori Centre of Research Excellence; Chair of Te Arataki Wānanga, Ministry of Culture and Heritage; an Independent Science Panel - Deep South National Science Challenge and Sustainable Seas National Science Challenge; member of the Māori Economic Development Advisory Committee; Chair of the Norwegian Centre of Excellence Assessment Panel, Research Council of Norway; a Fellow of the Royal Society of New Zealand, the first Māori women to become a Fellow; Marsden Fund Council and Chair of the Social Sciences Panel; Pro-Vice Chancellor Māori, Dean of the School of Māori and Pacific Development and Director of Te Kotahi Research Institute at the University of Waikato. The first undergraduate and graduate courses on Māori education and Indigenous education at the University of Auckland were co-developed by Professor Smith in her jointly held role as Pro Vice-Chancellor (Māori), the first role of its kind in a mainstream University in Aotearoa.

Professor Smith was awarded an Honorary Doctor of Laws in 2018 from the University of Winnipeg for championing Indigenous research and scholarship. In that same year she received the inaugural Te Puāwaitanga Award, the highest award from the Royal Society Te Apārangi in recognition of her eminent and distinctive contribution to Te Ao Māori, and to Māori and Indigenous knowledge. In 2017, she received the Prime Minister's Lifetime Achievement Award for Education and the McKenzie Award for Education in 2015 from the New Zealand Association for Research. In 2013, she was appointed a Companion of the New Zealand Order of Merit for services to Māori and education.

Professor Smith was a member of Te Mana Whakahaere o Awanuiārangi from 1998 to 2007, having been the Deputy Chairperson from 2005 to 2007. On 25 June 2020 she was re-appointed to Te Mana Whakahaere o Awanuiārangi and became co-Deputy Chairperson in that same year.

Project Administrator

Papahuia Dickson Ngāi Te Rangi, Ngāti Ranginui, Te Whakatōhea

Papahuia Dickson is an Independent Contractor, who specialises in providing research administrative support. Based in Tauranga Moana, Papahuia also oversees the management of Waipū Hauora, based within her hapū of Ngāitukairangi in Matapihi.

Papahuia previously worked for the University of Waikato for 7 years, in various administrative roles within Te Kotahi Research Institute, and was Operations Manager from 2016 -2020.

Email contact:[email protected]

Funded by Marsden Fund, Te Apārangi, Royal Society of New Zealand


2016 Symposium

He Ngākau Māori | Kare-ā-roto Hui 2016 - Day One

‘He Ngakau Maori: Investigating Maori Cultural Constructions of Emotions’

This symposium investigates Māori views and understanding of emotions and emotional wellbeing through mātauranga Māori. It has been argued that the ability to recognise and communicate emotions is essential to wellbeing and healing. Presentations are focused upon the understandings of emotions in relation to tikanga and te reo Māori. Thoughts about specic emotions including; Rongo, Pōuri, Āwangawanga/Karangirangi, Whakamā, Pūhaehae, Hopo, Aroha, and Koa will be explored. Particular pūrākau, mōteatea, and whakatauākī relating to each emotion will be drawn upon to frame the presentations and kōrero. This symposium oers the opportunity to wananga ideas around how we strengthen our knowledge of particular emotions from a Māori approach to support wellbeing and healing.



He Ngākau Māori | Kare-ā-roto Hui 2016 - Day Two